Where is Lithuania?
Lithuania officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the largest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark.
What is the capital of Lithuania?
Vilnius is the capital city of Lithuania and also the capital of Vilnius County. It is the largest city in the country with an estimated population of 560,190. The city is considered to be the economic centre of the country and is one of the largest financial centers for the Baltic states.
How big is Lithuania?
Lithuania spans a total area of 25,174 square miles. The population of the country as estimated in 2012 is 2,986,000.
Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization and joined the EU in May 2004. Despite its EU accession, Lithuania’s trade with its Central and Eastern European neighbors, and Russia in particular, accounts for a significant share of total trade. Foreign investment and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy. Lithuania’s economy grew on average 8% per year for the four years prior to 2008 driven by exports and domestic demand. Lithuania”s GDP plunged nearly 15% in 2009. The three former Soviet Baltic republics were among the hardest hit by the 2008-09 financial crisis. The government”s efforts to attract foreign investment, to develop export markets, and to pursue broad economic reforms has been key to Lithuania”s quick recovery from a deep recession, making Lithuania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. Lithuania is committed to meeting the Maastricht criteria to join the euro zone, which the government expects to achieve by 2015. Under the Conservative Party”s leadership, Lithuania raised the monthly minimum wage in 2012 nearly 25% over 2011. Despite government efforts, unemployment – at 13.2% in 2012 – remains high.
Lithuania is the southernmost of the three Baltic states – and the largest and most populous of them. Lithuania was the first occupied Soviet republic to break free from the Soviet Union and restore its sovereignty via the declaration of independence on 11 March 1990.The Lithuanian landscape is predominantly flat, with a few low hills in the western uplands and eastern highlands. The highest point is Aukštasis at 294 metres. Lithuania has 758 rivers, more than 2 800 lakes and 99 km of the Baltic Sea coastline, which are mostly devoted to recreation and nature preservation. Forests cover just over 30% of the country. Some 84% of the population are ethnic Lithuanians. The two largest minorities are Poles, who account for just over 6% of the population, and Russians, who make up just over 5%. The official language of Lithuania is Lithuanian. However, people also communicate in English, Russian, German, and Polish. The capital, Vilnius, is a picturesque city on the banks of the rivers Neris and Vilnia, and the architecture within the old part of the city is some of Eastern Europe’s finest. Vilnius university, founded in 1579, is a renaissance style complex with countless inner courtyards, forming a city within the city.
The Lithuanian president is elected directly for a five-year term and is active principally in foreign and security policy. The unicameralLithuanian Parliament, theSeimas , has 141 members.
Major industries include biotechnology, tourism, wood processing, paper industry, construction, real estate, and food processing. The country exports minerals, machinery, and chemical products, while the major imports include machinery, mineral products, and chemical or allied industry products. Russia, Poland, Germany, and Latvia are the principal trading partners.